APPLICANTS INFO
NAME:
EMAIL: froze006@gmail.com
DATE OF REPORT GENERATED: 2015-07-07 17:49:06
Cook
Illinois
United States


Surgical Procedures Chosen

Pectoral Implants (Pectoral Augmentation or Pec Implants)

  • AVG.COST: Variable
  • RECOVERY TIME: 2-6 Days
  • INVASIVENESS: 90
  • PERMANENCE: 60

About Pectoral Implants

Pectoral implants, also known as pectoral augmentation or pec implants. Pectoral implant surgery is a method that is used for improving chest shape and chest contour. Even with regular exercise some men are unable to achieve the chest definition that they desire. A person may consider pectoral implants if their pectoral muscles are underdeveloped and make them feel self-conscious, if their chest is asymmetrical, if their chest is deformed from birth or from an accident, if they are athletic, but cannot get their pectoral muscles to the definition that they desire. Pectoral implants can be custom designed in order to achieve the specific shape that each patient wants for their chest. Pectoral implants are made of solid silicone that is flexible, soft, and made to imitate the feel and look of actual muscle. Since these implants are not made of silicone gel or fluid, they will not tear or leak. The cost of pectoral implants generally varies depending on which cosmetic surgeon the patient decides to go with.

How is it performed?

Your surgeon will measure your chest and discuss the different size and shape of implant that are available during your consultation. Before the procedure you will either be heavily sedated or given general anaesthesia. Your surgeon will make a small incision in your arm pit (the axilla).Special surgical tools are then inserted through this incision and used to create a space in between your chest muscles (pectoralis major and pectoralis minor muscles). The implant is inserted and positioned within this pocket between the pectoralis muscles before the incisions are closed. After the procedure is complete, you may be placed in a compression garment to help minimize any swelling or implant shifting. What are my options? Made of relatively soft and flexible solid silicone, pectoral implants come in a wide variety of sizes and shapes. Because these implants are not made from silicone gel or fluid they can imitate the look and feel of muscle and will not leak or tear. If you have chest asymmetry or traumatic deformities then custom implants can be created by manufacturers. Fat grafting to the chest is an alternative to pectoral implants which can enhance muscular contour in athletic patients, improve definition and volume in slim patients and produce a muscular shape in heavier patients. What will my pectoral implants incisions and scars be like?  An incision of about two inches is made in the hair-bearing region of your arm pit area (the axilla). After the incisions heal the resulting scars should be barely visible and are easily concealed.

Is it right for me?



What results can I expect?

The results from pectoral implant surgery are long-lasting. For safety, as well as the most beautiful and healthy outcome, it is important to return to your plastic surgeon’s office for follow-up evaluation at prescribed times and whenever you have any questions.

Pros

  • Will improve chest contour and the look of muscle thickness or bulk.
  • Implants can be custom designed to provide a specific shape to your chest.

Cons

  • Implants will not improve the definition of your pectoral muscles.
  • Implants may yield unnatural, feminine results.
  • Asymmetry may occur if implants move or are displaced.


Aftercare

Immediately after surgery you will be stiff and sore and your chest muscles will feel tight. Your incisions will heal in around 14 days and your implant will be healed completely in about 6 weeks. Once the anaesthesia wears off you may experience some pain, bruising, swelling and redness. If you are unsure, you should contact your surgeon immediately to check that these are normal or signs of a problem. Recovery Time  It is essential you follow all patient care instructions given to you by your physician. This will usually include information about which compression garments to wear, how to take care of your drains, how to take any antibiotics or painkillers, if prescribed and the level of activity that is safe for you to undertake. Your surgeon will also provide detailed instructions about the normal symptoms and how to spot any signs of complications. It is important to realize everyone’s body is different and so the amount of time it takes to recover varies between individuals.

Limits & Risks

Fortunately significant complications from pectoral implant surgery are infrequent. Your specific risks for pectoral implant will be discussed during your consultation. All surgical procedures have some degree of risk. Some potential complications of all surgeries are:
  • Adverse reaction to anaesthesia
  • Hematoma or seroma (an accumulation of blood or fluid under the skin that may require removal)
  • Infection and bleeding
  • Changes in sensation
  • Scarring
  • Allergic reactions
  • Damage to underlying structures
  • Unsatisfactory results that may necessitate additional procedures.
  • Blood clots in your legs or lungs


Related Procedures

Many people who consider pectoral implants also consider liposuction, fat grafting, laser hair removal, calf implants, rhinoplasty and abdominoplasty (tummy tuck).

Gynecomastia Treatment (Male Breast Reduction)

  • AVG.COST: $3,310
  • RECOVERY TIME: 3-10 Days
  • INVASIVENESS: 80
  • PERMANENCE: 70

About Gynecomastia Treatment

Gynecomastia treatment, also known as male breast reduction. The aim of gynecomastia surgery is to reduce breast size for men whose overly large breasts. Reduction methods include liposuction, the removal of excess glandular tissue, using a combination of liposuction and excision. With the help of a board-certified plastic surgeon, it is not a major issue to safely remove signs of gynecomastia. The results of a gynecomastia procedure are permanent. This is assuming your weight remains stable. If the condition arose from the use of a certain medication or anabolic steroids, then further use could lead to recurrence of the condition.  

How is it performed?

The aim of gynecomastia surgery is to restore a normal male breast shape and correct deformities of the breast, nipple and areola. This will usually be achieved through liposuction or excision (surgical removal of tissue) or a combination of both techniques. Glandular breast tissue is far denser than normal, fatty tissue and therefore is not appropriate for liposuction. Your surgeon will make a choice based on the likelihood of skin redundancy after surgery, as skin shrinkage can vary depending on anatomy and age. What are my options?  Enlarged breasts may be composed of excess fatty tissue (pseudogynecomastia) rather than normal breast tissue and if this is the case, your surgeon should recommend treatment with diet and exercise. Treatment of puffy nipples often associated with gynecomastia will typically involve liposuction combined with a chest reduction by glandular excision.

Is it right for me?



What results can I expect?

Assuming you maintain a stable weight, Gynecomastia results are permanent. If your condition was caused by over-use of medication, then continued use could cause a recurrence. You should make sure you maintain a good relationship with your surgeon, and return at prescribed times for evaluations.

Pros

  • You can feel comfortable showing your chest.
  • The results are permanent

Cons

  • Scarring from surgery could make you self-conscious.
  • You may be disappointed with your results.
  • Weight gain following this surgery will compromise results.


Aftercare

After your surgery you will be bandaged or wearing a compression garment and you may have a surgical drain. The first three days after surgery are crucial to your recovery. You must be at full rest at home, but not necessarily in bed. Sitting and watching TV or having meals in the kitchen or living room is usually acceptable. You should aim to keep movements of the waist and elbows to a minimum and avoid vigorous shoulder movement. You may move your arms laterally, but do not lift your arms up vertically. Once the anaesthesia wears off, you may experience some pain and you will find you have some swelling and redness after the surgery. Contact your surgeon to find out if your pain, redness and swelling are normal or a signs of a problem. Recovery Time  Your recovery time depends on how severe your condition was and which surgery was performed. The average patient treated with a combination of liposuction and breast gland tissue excision will likely be back to work after about a week. Gynecomastia surgery typically has a relatively gentle recovery period, but it is still essential you follow all instructions your physician gives you. It is important to realize everyone will recover at a different rate. Your first follow-up visit will be within the first week of your recovery. You should avoid all strenuous activities for up to three weeks, but typically you will be able to resume low-impact activity between two to three weeks and gentle upper extremity resistance exercises at three to six weeks. Most gynecomastia patients return to work within seven to ten days of their surgery. Swelling and bruising can vary between minimal to massive, but is usually confined to the breast area, chest and abdomen. Bruising will increase in intensity over the first three to four days before gradually diminishing and becoming yellowish for another week. This discolouration will usually disappear within about two to three weeks. As with most surgeries, you may notice a decrease in sensation in the area around the operated wound. This tends to happen more often with patients whose enlarged breasts require significant liposuction, but many men find this temporary loss of sensation insignificant, especially as normal sensation generally returns after a about a year. In some patients with diminished elasticity (most commonly older patients) there may be excess skin or skin creases that are more noticeable post-operatively. You will find the majority of these creases will persist for between 6-12 months, and then diminish significantly as the loose skin tightens. After male breast reduction surgery there is a phenomenon of spontaneous shrinking of the entire areola. It is not uncommon for the areola’s diameter to decrease up to fifty percent from its original size. This usually only occurs when the surgeon has removed large amounts of glandular tissue. It may be three months or more before the swelling subsides and you can see your final results.

Limits & Risks

Fortunately, significant complications from gynecomastia are infrequent. You should discuss your specific risks for gynecomastia surgery during your consultation with your cosmetic surgeon. Remember that all types of surgery come with some degree of risk. Some complications that can arise from any surgery:
  • Adverse reaction to anaesthesia
  • Hematoma or seroma
  • Infections
  • Bleeding
  • Loss or changes in sensation
  • Scarring
  • Allergic reactions
  • Damage to underlying tissue structures
  • Unsatisfactory results
  • Blood clots
Other risks specific to gynecomastia surgery are:

Related Procedures

Men who consider gynecomastia surgery may also consider liposuction in areas other than the chest, pectoral implants, chin implants and hair transplantation.

Fat Transfer (Fat Grafting or Fat Injection)

  • AVG.COST: $1,875
  • RECOVERY TIME: 1-2 Weeks
  • INVASIVENESS: 80
  • PERMANENCE: 60

About Fat Transfer

Fat transfer, also known as fat grafting or fat injection. A fat grafting procedure transfers fat from areas in which you have excess fat, such as the outer thighs, before injecting it into the areas you feel may be lacking in volume, such as hands, face, buttocks or breasts. This is a safe and long-lasting procedure that usually produces very natural-looking results. The longevity of the fat transfer results will depend largely on the cosmetic surgeon’s skill, the way in which the fat was harvested, purified and then how and where it was injected. When done correctly, the injected fat will establish a new blood supply from your body and will subsequently receive the nourishment it needs in order to survive. If this happens then the results can and often will be permanent.

How is it performed?

Fat is harvested from one part of your body, washed and purified before being carefully re-injected with special needles into the areas that need augmentation. Fat grafting is generally a three-stage process:
  • Harvesting: Your surgeon and you will choose a site for fat removal and inject it with a local anesthetic. Your surgeon will then make a small incision and insert a sterile cannula connected to a syringe, with which he will remove the necessary fat.
  • Purification and Transfer: Once your surgeon has obtained enough fat from the donor area, they will prepare the fat cells for transfer to small syringes that will be used for the re-injection. Purification sometimes requires the use of a centrifuge to spin the fat or a filtration process to remove impurities.
  • Placement:  The designated graft area will then be prepared. Your surgeon will insert a cannula or needle into the incision point at the site being augmented. They will then pass the injection needle in and out of the augmentation area several times. Each time the cannula is drawn out, a line of fatty tissue parcels is carefully deposited in your natural tissue. This process is repeated, creating a grid of fat graft, until the desired correction has been achieved.
What are my options? Some common sites for obtaining fat include the thighs, buttocks and abdomen, love handles, arms and the hips. Your plastic surgeon will discuss several options with you, such as: Which areas will benefit from fat transfer? Which areas are best for fat removal? Or whether any other procedures are appropriate. What will my fat transfer scars be like? Because liposuction incisions are small the scars are also small and are placed in hidden areas. Sometimes depending on the location of fat deposits on your body the incisions cannot be hidden. The amount or degree of scarring depends on the surgeon.

Is it right for me?

The purpose of fat grafting is to augment, enhance or fill-in areas that lack volume. The most commonly grafted areas include the hands, face, breasts and buttocks. For successful fat grafting, you must have sufficient fat in donor sites and should not be suffering from circulation problems, or wider health issues. Facial fat transfer: If you have facial creases, such as smile lines, laugh lines and crow’s feet, then fat grafting can help alleviate these.

What results can I expect?

The areas where the fat was transferred will appear fuller and softer, giving you a refreshed and rejuvenated appearance and you might even notice your skin texture has improved. When done successfully, the injected fat will quickly establish a new blood supply from your body so that it gets the nourishment it needs for survival. Once this has happened, the results can and often are permanent. There will be a percentage of grafted fat that does not take hold permanently which is why touch up procedures are sometimes necessary. For safety, as well as the most beautiful and healthy outcome, it’s important that you return to your cosmetic surgeon’s office at prescribed times, and whenever you have questions about your healing and results.

Pros

  • Autologous fat (from your own body) as opposed to dermal fillers replaces reduce the chance of allergic reactions to foreign substances.
  • Fat transfer results are natural, long lasting and safe.
  • Fat transfer is a non-invasive method for achieving facial rejuvenation.

Cons

  • It is time consuming to prepare fat tissue before transferring it compared to dermal fillers which are pre-packaged.
  • Though longer lasting than dermal fillers, fat transfer costs more.
  • For augmentation you may require multiple sessions to achieve your desired breast or buttock size.


Aftercare

Your surgeon will also provide detailed instructions about the normal symptoms and how to spot any signs of complications. It is important to realize that everyone takes a different amount of time to recover. Recovery from fat injections is variable, but here is some general recovery information related to facial fat injections: Swelling and bruising during the first week are usually quite significant. The bruising will resolve by the second or third week but you will still have some swelling. Between the seventh to tenth days your injuries will improve significantly, but you may not feel ready to go out in public. Those who can afford two weeks off or more are even better positioned to return to work. By the third week you will find that you look more like yourself, and some careful application of make-up can help in camouflage any residual signs of bruising or swelling. Once the swelling recedes you will be able to appreciate the changes but subtle swelling may persist for weeks.

Limits & Risks

This treatment is usually performed without any major problems. Risks and potential complications of surgery is a subject you should discuss during your consultation. You can significantly reduce the risk to you by carefully following the instructions of your cosmetic surgeon. Possible complications of any type of surgery include:
  • Bad or allergic reaction to anaesthesia or drugs
  • Hematoma or seroma (an accumulation of blood or fluid under the skin that may require removal)
  • Infections and bleeding
  • loss of sensation/nerve damage
  • Scarring
  • Damage to underlying tissue structures
  • Unsatisfactory results
  • Blood clots


Related Procedures

People who consider fat transfer also consider liposuction, buttock augmentation, botulinum toxin and dermal fillers like hyaluronic acid.

Breast Lift (Mastopexy and Breast Lift Surgery)

  • AVG.COST: $4,174
  • RECOVERY TIME: 2-6 Weeks
  • INVASIVENESS: 90
  • PERMANENCE: 90

About Breast Lift

Breast lift, also known as mastopexy and breast lift surgery. Breast lift surgery is used to re-establish an aesthetically proportionate figure for the woman. In the event there is too much or too little breast volume, a breast augmentation or breast reduction might also be recommended by your surgeon. Thousands of women every year undergo successful breast lift surgery without experiencing any major problems. A patient may consider a breast lift surgery their breasts have some sagging as a result of pregnancy or nursing, weight loss or gain and aging. Sometimes, an additional surgery is done along with the breast lift. This usually happens if there is too much or not enough breast volume. In these cases, a breast reduction or breast augmentation may need to be done along with the breast lift. The results of a breast lift should last for decades if it is performed properly. This is assuming that the patient does not go through pregnancy or have significant weight fluctuations. The cost of a breast lift will also vary depending on which plastic surgeon you choose for your surgery as well as your geographic location.

How is it performed?

Your breast lift will be performed under intravenous sedation or general anaesthesia in an accredited hospital or certified surgeon’s office with a surgical suite. There are several different techniques used to remove breast skin and reshape the breasts. The method used will determine the location of the incisions and the resulting scars. Your physician will select a technique based on your anatomy, medical history, breast size and shape, skin quality and elasticity, areola position and size, degree of breast sagging and how much extra skin you have. During the procedure your plastic surgeon will remove any excess skin on the breasts and shift the nipples and areola to a higher position. If your areola has become stretched, this is the point at which it will be reduced in size. The breast will be reshaped by moving skin from above the areola to below it and bringing it together, removing any excess skin as this is done. Your surgeon will then close your incisions, tightening the skin as the breast is sewn back together. The sutures will be placed deep within the breast tissue in order to support the new breast position for longer. Scars from a breast lift surgery tend to be hidden under the breasts, although there may be some light scarring on top of the breast.

Is it right for me?



What results can I expect?

When performed properly, your breasts should not droop for decades after your breast lift surgery, assuming you don’t go through further pregnancy or have significant weight fluctuations. It is always likely that some settling may occur, but the new nipple position should remain intact. Most aesthetic surgeons will not rely on a simple skin lift to produce the results you want. Instead they will sculpt the entire breast tissue in order to ensure a longer-lasting lift. After surgery, your breasts will be positioned higher and will feel firmer. For both safety as well as the most beautiful and healthy outcome, it’s important to frequently return to your plastic surgeon’s office for follow-up evaluations or whenever you notice any changes. Do not hesitate to contact your surgeon if you notice something wrong or if you have any questions or concerns.

Pros

  • You will have improved breast shape projection and symmetry giving your breasts a more youthful appearance.

Cons

  • The effects of breast lift surgery may gradually diminish over the years as a result of changes to your body like aging, pregnancy or weight fluctuations.
  • Although a breast lift leaves scars, these can usually be hidden when in a bra or swimsuit.


Aftercare

Once the anaesthesia wears off you will experience some discomfort and pain which should be manageable with normal or prescription pain medication. You will have some swelling and redness after your surgery, but be sure that if these do not seem to be as your surgeon described that you contact them immediately for advice. There are other common recovery side effects such as numbness, bruising, low nipple sensitivity, some itching around wounds and increased firmness in the breast tissue, but normally these will subside over the next few weeks, although up to three months following the surgery there may still be some residual effects. Recovery time It is essential you follow all patient care instructions given to you by your physician. This will usually include information about which compression garments to wear, how to take care of your drains, how to take any antibiotics or painkillers, if prescribed, and the level of activity that is safe for you to undertake. Your surgeon will also provide detailed instructions about the normal symptoms and how to spot any signs of complications. It is important to realize everyone’s body is different and so the amount of time it takes to recover varies between individuals. The first week  For two to five days your chest region may feel stiff and sore. Immediately after surgery you will be encouraged to get out of bed or lightly exercise in bed for short periods, in order to prevent any blood clotting, but within a week you should be able to move about with more ease. For two to five days your chest and breasts may feel sore and stiff. Try to avoid lifting, bending and straining your muscles as these can cause increased swelling and even bleeding. You will usually be advised to avoid putting pressure on your breasts by doing things like sleeping on your back. Within a few days of your surgery your drains will be removed and your dressings will either be changed or removed. Two weeks to six weeks  It is usually possible to return to work about a week after breast lift surgery, depending on your job. Avoid anything more than light physical activity for at least the first two weeks after surgery, including sexual activity. Even once you do begin exercise again, remember to be extremely gentle with your breasts for at least the next month. You surgeon may instruct you to wear a support bra or some compression garments for the first few weeks until the discolouration and swelling of your breasts diminishes. Any stitches or sutures you have will gradually be removed over two or three weeks after surgery. It is possible that you notice that you are feeling less sensation in the nipple and areola areas and although this is usually temporary, it may take several months before sensation returns to normal. It may also take some time before your breasts assume a more natural shape. Your incision scars will initially be red or pink and will remain this way for many months after surgery. In most cases you can resume most of your normal activities after several weeks. You might experience some mild periodic discomfort during this time, but this is normal. If you feel severe pain or think that something isn’t right, report it to your surgeon immediately.

Limits & Risks

Fortunately, significant complications from breast lifts are infrequent. Your specific risks for breast lift will be discussed during your consultation. All surgical procedures have some degree of risk.

Related Procedures

Many women who consider a breast lift also consider breast reduction, upper body lift or have these as part of a 'mommy makeover'.

Breast Reconstruction (Reconstructive Mammaplasty or Postmastectomy Surgery)

  • AVG.COST: Variable
  • RECOVERY TIME: 2-6 Weeks
  • INVASIVENESS: 100
  • PERMANENCE: 80

About Breast Reconstruction

Breast reconstruction, also known as reconstructive mammaplasty or postmastectomy surgery. Breast reconstruction can cover a variety of procedures and is usually performed to restore the shape and form of the breast following either mastectomy or lumpectomy surgery to treat breast cancer. This surgery can be affected by several factors, such as aesthetic goals, anatomy or the need for any post-surgical chemotherapy or radiation therapy, which will determine the options available to you. It is crucial to discuss your cancer surgery with a plastic surgeon before undergoing a mastectomy because this may affect the choices and results of your breast reconstruction surgery. Breast reconstruction involves the the rebuilding and reconstruction of the breast. It involves using either saline implants or silicone implants or even using the patient’s own skin fat and muscle to construct a natural looking breast. A patient may consider a breast reconstruction surgery to help restore their confidence or the feelings of femininity following a mastectomy or lumpectomy. It will also help to create symmetry if only one breast has been affected such as with a mastectomy. The cost of breast reconstruction surgery may vary depending on which cosmetic surgeon you decide to go with as well as what geographic location you are in.

How is it performed?

There are three basic options for those considering breast reconstruction: Using breast implants (saline or silicone), reconstructing the breast using your own skin fat and muscle or a combination of those methods. Although most breast reconstruction procedures are considered outpatient surgery some may require you to stay in hospital for the initial procedure (especially if done in conjunction with a mastectomy). Implant reconstruction procedures Initially your surgeon will insert a tissue expander beneath your skin and chest muscle, forming an envelope. The tissue expander is a modified saline implant with a valve which allows your surgeon to perform a series of injections through the skin during follow up visits over the next two to six months, slowly filling the implant to the desired size and shape. The next stage, the expander will be removed and replaced with a softer breast implant of either saline or silicone). With saline implants the expander is sometimes kept for a longer period, which allows the reconstructed breast to be changed without removing the implant. If it is a silicone implant, your breast size cannot be changed without further surgery. Breast reconstruction with implants using an acellular dermal matrix An Acellular dermal matrix (ADM) is a sheet of biological tissue, usually a framework of collagen and elastin. It is specifically designed to encourage your own body’s tissues to grow into it, gradually replacing the ADM with your own cells and blood vessels. The acellular dermal matrix acts similar to a hammock, supporting the tissue expander in the skin-muscle envelope, which can improve implant placement. A procedure using an ADM can be less invasive than other techniques, as it permits a larger breast mound and decreases the number of follow-up visits required to attain the desired implant volume. When an ADM is used, the implant can be inserted much sooner than with other techniques, and in rare cases means an expander is not needed at all, the final implant can be placed into the ADM ‘hammock’ during the mastectomy meaning no further surgery is required. Whether or not you’re a candidate for this technique will depend on the quality of your skin envelope after your mastectomy. Natural grafts/tissue flap surgery For certain patients, for instance if you have radiation-damaged tissues, your cosmetic surgeon may recommend the use of a flap of your own skin to replace any damaged tissues. A breast reconstruction using autologous skin and tissue (from your own body) can result in a more natural looking and feeling breast than other implants. Autologous procedures are more far more invasive and complex, prolonging your stay in hospital and leaving large scars where tissue was removed (usually the back, abdomen or buttocks). Occasionally an entire muscle will need to be moved in order to reconstruct the breast, resulting in weakness in that area of the body. There is also the option of autologous fat grafting or a fat for those with radiation-damaged tissues or small contour irregularities. Fat transfer may require multiple sessions, can cause fatty cysts and is not permanent. Sometimes surgeons will use autologous fat grafts to improve the results from an implant reconstruction or to correct any minor irregularities. Skin-sparing mastectomy  If your surgeon has recommended an immediate breast reconstruction, they may attempt to keep as much breast skin intact as possible by performing a skin-sparing mastectomy. The tumour and clean margins (areas free of cancer cells) will be removed, along with the areola, nipple, fat and other tissues leaving a large amount of skin that can then be used to cover an implant. This is beneficial because it avoids using skin from other parts of the body, which can look different to normal breast skin, and reduces the need for further surgery. Those with droopy or large breasts may find that loose skin continues to sag, affecting the result of the reconstruction. Nipple-sparing mastectomy  This is a fairly new technique, similar to a skin-sparing procedure but with the added benefit of leaving the nipple and areola intact and improving the final look of the reconstruction. Unfortunately, this technique is not suitable for everyone and it is still likely that the nipple will lose projection and some sensation. The result is not guaranteed as the tissues may still break down, meaning the nipple and areola have to be removed later. There is also still considered some risk of this increasing the chances of a recurrence of cancer, but this is still debated. Nipple reconstruction with implant procedures Nipple reconstruction is completed once the permanent implant has been inserted. It gives the reconstructed breast a more natural look and can help to hide some of your scarring. The procedure usually involves lifting a flap of skin from the breast itself and folding it so as to create a small piece of tissue aesthetically similar to a normal nipple. Colouration is usually achieved by tattooing or grafting. Many surgeons will opt to delay the nipple reconstruction until after your implant has settled, so that the final areola and nipple remain in the correct place. The scar from where the skin is taken can be hidden in the bikini line. What will my breast reconstruction incisions and scars be like?  How your scars look will depend on a number of factors, namely genetics, age, how your incisions are sutured, the way your body heals and of course, the procedure you undertake.

Is it right for me?



What results can I expect?

Even though both silicon and saline have lifetime warranties from their manufacturers, the longer you have implants the more likely it is that you will experience some complications or changes. Although research suggests that around 95% of implants are still intact after seven years, it is also true that 50% of women who receive implants during a breast reconstruction require either an exchange or a removal within ten years of their procedure. Patients who opt to have a single breast reconstruction will naturally notice that breast changes over time differently to the other as the natural breast tissue will lose elasticity at a different rate compared with to an implant-reconstructed breast. A breast reconstruction that uses tissue flaps is still natural tissue and so will be affected by time and gravity accordingly, but may not age at the same rate because the tissue is from another part of the body. These tissues do not “know” that they have been moved and their growth or shrinkage in response to weight loss may be different from natural breast tissue. The skin and fat from the upper back or buttocks region is much thicker and more fibrous and does not tend to droop or sag as much over time as breast tissue. The skin and fat of the abdomen is very similar to that of breast tissue and tends to droop or sag over time similar to natural breast tissue. For safety, as well as the most beautiful and healthy outcome, it’s important to return to your plastic surgeon’s office for follow-up evaluation at prescribed times and whenever you notice any changes. Do not hesitate to contact your surgeon when you have any questions or concerns.

Pros

  • You will not have to cope with wearing external breast forms or pads.
  • This is a potential way of helping cope with your mastectomy and cancer experience.
  • It can help you feel better about how you look and restore confidence in your sexuality.

Cons

  • Breast reconstruction involves additional surgery, medical appointments and possibly additional costs.
  • Breast reconstruction may interfere with the natural state of your body which has just returned to normal health.
  • A reconstructed breast will not have the same sensation and feel as the breast it replaces.


Aftercare

Your surgeon will prepare you for immediately after your breast reconstruction surgery, but here are a few things you should expect: You may be wearing compression sleeves on your legs to help your circulation and even if you are receiving pain medication you may still feel sore. There may be drains coming out of your underarms and from your stomach, if you had a reconstruction using autologous tissue. You may also have a catheter in your bladder which will be removed post-surgery. The area from which tissue was taken will also be sore and it may be hard for you to get out of bed alone. If you have a breast reconstruction using implants, your armpit region may be sore, but you should still take care to maintain the range of motion in your shoulders by moving your arms. Your doctor will suggest certain exercises that can help with this and instruct you to get out of bed when possible as this is very important to prevent blood clots forming in the legs. You will be able to use the bathroom by yourself, but may need assistance during the first week. Recovery Time  It is essential you follow all patient care instructions given to you by your physician. This will usually include information about which compression garments to wear, how to take care of your drains, how to take any antibiotics or painkillers, if prescribed and the level of activity that is safe for you to undertake. Your surgeon will also provide detailed instructions about the normal symptoms and how to spot any signs of complications. It is important to realize everyone’s body is different and so the amount of time it takes to recover varies between individuals. Implant-based reconstruction is the simplest and least painful technique and comes with the shortest recovery time. Most women are able to return to their routine activities within two or three weeks. Flap-based procedures require surgery in two or more areas and are significantly more demanding, depending on how the procedure was performed. A hospital stay is usually required for any muscle-flap surgeries and may involve significant restriction of your activities, for example, after a TRAM flap surgery you will not be allowed to strain or lift anything for at least six weeks. It is important to keep gently moving your arms and there will be nurses available to help you get in and out of bed. The majority of expandable implant reconstruction surgeries are outpatient procedures and you are encouraged to exercise lightly from the day of the procedure in order to decrease any risk of blood clots forming in your legs. You could spend between one to six nights in the hospital, depending on your body and the exact method of the surgery. Depending on the type of reconstruction, you may be spending most of your time in bed or sitting during the first few days. The majority of patients can walk without assistance two or three days after a flap reconstruction and your physician will encourage you to walk and move gently several times a day to stimulate circulation in your legs. If your surgeon gives you permission, you can shower, but you may need someone to help you. If you have drains you will need to pin these to a drain belt or you may be given a gauze necklace to support them around your neck. It may also help you to have a way to sit down in the shower. Your new breasts may be larger at first, due to swelling but as this subsides over the next few weeks, your breasts will assume the shape you desired.

Limits & Risks

Fortunately, significant complications from breast reconstruction are infrequent. Your specific risks for breast reconstruction will be discussed during your consultation. All surgical procedures have some degree of risk. Some potential complications of all surgeries are:
  • Adverse reaction to anaesthesia
  • Hematoma or seroma (an accumulation of blood or fluid under the skin that may require removal)
  • Infection and bleeding
  • Changes in sensation
  • Scarring
  • Allergic reactions
  • Damage to underlying structures
  • Unsatisfactory results that may necessitate additional procedures
  • Blood clots in your legs or lungs
Other risks specific to breast reconstruction are outlined below:
  • Fat necrosis and/or fatty cysts
  • Blood clots in the legs or lungs
  • Partial or complete loss of the flap
  • Loss of sensation at both the donor and reconstruction site
  • Donor site complications
  • Hernia
  • Delayed wound healing with poor scar formation
  • Breast hardening (capsular contracture)
  • Implant malposition
  • Implant rupture
You can minimize the risk to you by carefully following the instructions and advice of your plastic surgeon before and after your cosmetic surgery procedure.

Related Procedures

If one breast is reconstructed a breast lift, breast reduction or breast augmentation may be recommended for the opposite breast to improve symmetry.

Breast Reduction (Reduction Mammaplasty)

  • AVG.COST: $5,146
  • RECOVERY TIME: 2-6 Weeks
  • INVASIVENESS: 100
  • PERMANENCE: 90

About Breast Reduction

Breast reduction, also known as reduction mammaplasty. Breast reduction surgery is designed to reshape and reduce your breast size so that they are more proportionate to the rest of your body and will no longer cause you emotional or physical discomfort. Breast reduction surgery can help alleviate some of the chronic pain that is often caused by overly large breasts. This pain is usually felt in the head, neck, shoulders and back. Breast reduction surgery can also help with other health problems that may occur, such as poor blood circulation, impaired breathing and chafing of the skin on the chest and the lower breast areas.

How is it performed?

A breast reduction surgery usually tends to take between 3 to 5 hours, and an overnight stay is not usually required. During the surgery itself your surgeon will make three incisions into the breast to remove any excess breast tissue, fat and skin. Then, the areola and nipple will be reduced in size, if requested, and moved to a higher position on the breast. Any skin that was located above the nipple is brought down and together so that the breast can be reshaped and some liposuction may be performed to under the arm to improve the contour. Below you can find some of the most commonly used incision patterns:
  • For breasts that are not sagging and mainly fibrous rather than fatty, liposuction is used to decrease breast size. Micro or small incisions made into the breast allow the liposuction cannula (tube) to enter the breast.
  • A donut incision or periareolar incision is one made around the perimeter of the areolas.
  • A keyhole incision, sometimes also known as a lollipop incision, is one made around the border of the areolas, with a further incision made vertically from the areolas down to the breast crease.
  • The most common technique used by surgeosn is called an anchor incision and involves three distinct cuts. The first is made around the border of the areolas, the second vertically down from the areolas to the breast crease and a third along the breast crease. Using this, your surgeon will remove any excess fat, breast skin and tissues with either a cautery instrument or scalpel in order to create the breast size and shape you desire. If your breasts are uneven (asymmetrical) your surgeon will remove more tissue from one breast than the other, reshaping the remaining skin and fat to create a matching breast shape and move the areola and nipple to a higher position.
In most cases your surgeon will place drains in the breasts to collect any excess fluid after your surgery before closing the incisions with sutures from the deep tissue to the surface layers of the skin. What are my options? The shape and size of your breasts, as well as your medical history and anatomy are all factors that your plastic surgeon will use to determine the best method for you. If your breasts are extremely large, your surgeon may have to completely detach the nipples and areolas so that they can be shifted to a higher level. If this is the case, your surgeon will ask you to decide whether you are happy to sacrifice the chances of breast feeding and sensation in your nipples to achieve your desired breast size. What will my breast reduction incisions and scars be like?  You scars will vary according to type of incision your cosmetic surgeon decides is best for you. They will do their best to conceal the incision lines within the natural contours of your breast but some will still be visible on the surface of the breast. These are permanent in most cases but they will significantly improve over time. Your surgeon will make every effort to minimize scar visibility by using special tissue handling and suture techniques.

Is it right for me?

There are several reasons you may consider breast reduction surgery:
  • If your breasts are too large for your body frame and create neck back or shoulder pain.
  • If you have heavy breasts with nipples and areolas (pigmented skin surrounding the nipples) that point downward.
  • If one breast is much larger than the other.
  • You have back aches, neck aches or skin irritation under your breasts.
  • You have difficulty breathing and notice grooves in your shoulders from your bra straps.
  • You have poor posture or numbness in parts of your breasts and upper chest from excessive breast weight.
  • You are in good health with no active diseases or pre-existing medical conditions.
  • You have realistic expectations of the outcome of your surgery.
  • You are old enough so that your breast development has stopped.
  • You have finished having children and breast-feeding because this can have significant and unpredictable effects on the size and shape of your breasts.
If you are planning on breast-feeding in the future you should discuss this with your physician. Contraindications for breast reduction surgery could include:
  • A history of irregular mammograms undiagnosed lumps or other types of masses
  • Severe obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Wound healing disorders
  • Current breast-feeding
  • Smoking
  • Clotting disorders or a family history of them
  • Heart or circulatory disorders
If you are in good health generally, have realistic expectations and a positive attitude then you will probably be a good candidate for a breast reduction. Try to be as open as possible during your discussion with your aesthetic surgeon so he can give you the best advice and you can understand what can realistically be achieved.

What results can I expect?

Your breasts will remain a consistent size unless you gain or lose a significant amount of weight or become pregnant. You should remember that gravity and the effects of aging will still always eventually cause your breasts to sag and loosen over time. For safety, as well as the most beautiful and healthy outcome, you should maintain a good relationship with your plastic surgeon and return for follow-up evaluation at prescribed times or whenever you notice any changes. Do not hesitate to contact your surgeon if you have any questions or concerns.

Pros

  • Your breasts will be in better proportion with your body and will feel firmer.
  • Surgery will alleviate neck, back and shoulder pain and make it easier to breathe and exercise.

Cons

  • You may have decreased sensation in some areas including the nipples and areolas.
  • Some women complain that their breasts and nipples look slightly uneven.
  • Breast-feeding may be a problem.


Aftercare

You might notice a change in breast size, but at this point you will have significant swelling. In most cases, this swelling will remain for weeks or even months. When the anaesthesia wears off you may have some pain. If the pain is extreme or long-lasting contact your physician. You will also have some redness and swelling after the surgery. Contact your surgeon to find out if your pain, redness and swelling are normal or are signs of a problem. Recovery Time It is essential you follow all patient care instructions given to you by your physician. This will usually include information about which compression garments to wear, how to take care of your drains, how to take any antibiotics or painkillers, if prescribed and the level of activity that is safe for you to undertake. Your surgeon will also provide detailed instructions about the normal symptoms and how to spot any signs of complications. It is important to realize everyone’s body is different and so the amount of time it takes to recover varies between individuals. Here is a general idea of what you can anticipate:
  • Drains – Your drains will more than likely be removed at your first follow-up appointment which is usually within the first week after surgery.
  • Monitoring your temperature – While you are healing from breast reduction, take your temperature regularly. An elevated temperature could mean an infection.
  • Soreness and pain – You will feel tender, stiff and sore for a few days and will more than likely not want to move too much. This will subside. Be sure to take your required medications and follow the precise instructions provided by your surgeon. Swelling – As with all surgeries, swelling will be an issue. You may be swollen for up to three to four months although this could be very slight and only noticed by you. Your breasts of course will be smaller than they were before and higher so you may not notice swelling too much. Treatment for prolonged swelling includes increasing your fluid intake (preferably water), having normal to low sodium intake and movement such as light walking.
  • Bruising – Bruises may or may not be present after your surgery. This depends entirely on the patient, the technique used and the effectiveness of the epinephrine that was administered during surgery. Other common side effects during recovery include numbness or changes in nipple sensitivity, itching around incision sites and increased firmness or fullness in the breast tissue. These side effects should subside over the next few weeks with some residual effects lasting up to three months after surgery.
  • Sleeping – It is important to sleep with at least two or three fluffy pillows under your upper back and head or on a wedge pillow or a recliner chair to keep your torso elevated. This helps relieve pressure on your treatment area reducing swelling and pain. Bathing – You may be asked to take sponge baths until your incisions are completely closed and your sutures are no longer in place.
  • Activity – Even though you may not feel like it, your surgeon will probably advise you to walk and move around as soon as you can to prevent blood clots and swelling. You will be instructed not to exercise or engage in strenuous activities for at least three to four weeks. Don’t lift anything over five pounds and try not to raise anything over your head until your surgeon releases you for activity. Take your time in healing so that you give yourself the best healing environment possible. Your full range of motion should return between six to ten weeks depending on how well you have healed.


Limits & Risks

Fortunately, serious risks of breast reduction surgeries are rare and the satisfaction rate with these procedures is high. The overall complication rate is low, when the operation is performed by an experienced plastic surgeon operating in an accredited facility. Despite this, all surgical procedures carry some degree of risk. Some potential complications of all surgeries are:
  • Adverse reaction to anaesthesia
  • Hematoma or seroma (an accumulation of blood or fluid under the skin that may require removal)
  • Infection and bleeding
  • Changes in sensation
  • Scarring
  • Allergic reactions
  • Damage to underlying structures
  • Unsatisfactory results that may necessitate additional procedures
  • Blood clots in your legs or lungs
You can minimize the risk to you by carefully following the instructions and advice of your plastic surgeon before and after your cosmetic surgery procedure.

Related Procedures



Breast Revision (Breast Implant Replacement Surgery)

  • AVG.COST: $3,133
  • RECOVERY TIME: 2-6 Weeks
  • INVASIVENESS: 100
  • PERMANENCE: 90

About Breast Revision

Breast Revision, also known as breast implant replacement surgery. Breast implant revision surgery is a fairly common procedure, required to repair or replace damaged or deteriorating breast implants. Revision surgery will be performed if you wish to alter the size or shape of your implants, or to correct any complications that have occurred in the time since your original breast surgery. Most people choose to have a breast revision procedure due to a problem with their original implants. This could be a leak, or deflation, or displacement. The other most common reason is that they are no longer happy with the size or shape of the implants and would like them altered to reflect their changing body contours. Breast revision surgery results are as long lasting as the original breast implants. Breast shape will remain constant, as long as one does not gain weight rapidly, and maintains a consistently healthy and balanced lifestyle. For any augmentation, the affect of aging will gradually impact on your results and may alter the size and shape of your breasts. A determining factor in how much aging affects your results will be things like the size and weight of your implants. This is something you should talk about with your surgeon during your consultation.

How is it performed?

Your aesthetic preferences and the reason for revision surgery will determine the method your surgeon opts for. Change in implant size:  If you are opting to have surgery to alter the size of your implant, it is likely your cosmetic surgeon will re-open your original scars in order to replace your breast implants. If you are opting for larger implants than were originally placed, your surgeon will have to make the pocket your implant is held in bigger, so your new ones can fit. If you are downsizing to a smaller implant, your surgeon may have to perform some additional surgery to reduce the size of this pocket, ensuring your new implants are still held firmly in place. Sometimes this required a breast lift to be performed. Capsular contracture (hardening of the capsule and implant):  Capsular contracture occurs when the scar tissue from the original implantation hardens to the point where it causes problems with the implant. To remove this hardened scar tissue, your cosmetic surgeon will use the original incisions to re-open the wound, before inserting your new implants. Implant rippling: If your breast implants move, so that the edges of your saline implants can be seen or noticed through the skin, you may wish to have this adjusted. Your aesthetic surgeon will re-open the original incisions, in order to adjust your implants or place a new one into a new pocket. Implant malposition: Sometimes, during the original procedure, the breast pockets created to hold the implants are misaligned. This can results in the breasts being too far apart or too close or uneven. To correct this, your surgeon will open the original incision and move the scar tissue so as to construct a new pocket in the correct position. In some cases, your surgeon may need to take some tissues from another part of the body, or use a special webbing called an acellular dermal matrix to help support your implants in their new position. Implant removal: If your implants are large and your skin has stretched, your surgeon will likely recommend you have a breast lift as well as implant removal. The lining around the implant or “capsule” is often removed surgically at the same time as your revision surgery to facilitate rapid healing. Elevation of nipple and areola position: If you and your surgeon agree that the position of your nipples should be higher up the breast, then they will likely need to perform some additional incisions to help perform a breast lift. If excess skin needs to be removed, this will require an additional incision which will be used to remove the unwanted tissue.

Is it right for me?



What results can I expect?

Unless you undergo significant weight gain, your new breasts should retain their shape well. Remember that natural aging will eventually impact the results of your revision surgery. The weight of your implants will also have an effect on how your breasts look as time goes on. Make sure you continue to see your physician, to ensure that there are no complications. Be sure to contact your surgeon immediately if you suspect there is a problem with your implants.

Pros

  • You will renew your breast contours.
  • You can increase or decrease your breast size as you wish.
  • Your breast symmetry will be improved.

Cons

  • Aging will change the shape and size of your breasts.
  • The size and weight of your implants will affect how your breasts look as you age.


Aftercare

Due to their similarities, your recovery from revision surgery will be very similar to your original breast surgery. Although it will be quite a few days before you are well enough to return to your normal activities, it is important that your try to stay mobile when you can. Your recovery will depend very much on the reason why you had revision surgery, and the size and placement of your new implants. You should expect to experience some pain, bruising, swelling, stiffness and itching as your wounds heal. Recovery Time  You should find that you are able to walk and stand by yourself immediately after surgery. Even if you feel stiff, try to keep moving periodically to reduce the risk of blood clots forming in your legs. It is essential to your recovery that you pay attention to your surgeon’s instructions for aftercare. This will include information about how to take care of your wounds, and how to look for any signs of complications. Remember that recovery time will vary greatly between individuals. The First Week Your chest and upper body will feel pretty sore and stiff during the first week. You may have to wear a special compression garment or support bra to help support your body, after any remaining surgical dressing, sutures or drains have been removed. Depending on your surgery, you will most likely be allowed to shower a few days after your surgery. You should be able to return to your normal work life after the first week of your surgery. During your recovery you should try to avoid moving your breasts in any way that causes pain. There are some exercises that you can do to help healing, which your surgeon will advise you on. Two to Six Weeks Make sure you avoid heavy physical activity for the first two weeks. You should continue to take care and be gentle with your breasts as they heal over the next 4-6 weeks. Sexual activity is a choice that can only be made by you. Try to be gentle and to take it slowly, to give yourself time to notice if something is wrong. Long-term  Your cosmetic surgeon should ask you to keep to regular mammograms, and to self examine your breasts regularly.

Limits & Risks

Significant complications from breast revision procedures are rare occurrences. All surgical procedures come with some risk, and the risks specific to you will be discussed during your consultation.

Related Procedures



Breast Augmentation (Augmentation, Mammaplasty, Breast Enlargement or Breast Implants)

  • AVG.COST: $3,268
  • RECOVERY TIME: 2-6 Weeks
  • INVASIVENESS: 100
  • PERMANENCE: 80

About Breast Augmentation

Breast augmentation, also known as a mammaplasty, breast enlargement or breast implants. Breast augmentation surgery is designed to increase or restore breast size, form and texture using either silicone gel or saline implants, or in some cases even an autologous fat transfer. Breast augmentation is commonly used for post-mastectomy breast reconstruction or for correcting defects of the chest wall. Both a silicone and saline breast implant are made with a silicone shell. Silicone gel implants are filled with a plastic, silicone gel where as saline implants are filled with sterile salt water. These breast implants may not last a lifetime. The patient may actually need to have the implants replaced if there are any complications or if the shape and size of the breast changes over time. The cost of breast augmentation tends to vary based on a few different factors. The type of implant is used, your geographic location and which doctor you use.

How is it performed?

When performing a breast augmentation using implants, your surgeon will make an incision, lift the breast tissue, create a pocket in the chest area and place an implant into this pocket. There are several places where the implant can be placed and you surgeon will determine which is most appropriate for you based on a variety of factors, such as your anatomy and your age. The implant is placed in a pocket either underneath the pectoral muscle (located between your breast tissue and chest wall) underneath the breast tissue or on top of the pectoral muscle. Placement of the implant underneath the pectoral muscle may interfere less with mammograms and breast-feeding and your plastic surgeon will discuss this with you prior to your procedure. Is breast augmentation safe? It is vital when considering breast augmentation that you consider that even though they are intended to last a long time, some replacement or re-adjustment may become necessary after a few years. After your breast implant surgery, you should aim to have periodic examinations by your plastic surgeon to monitor your implants and your recovery. Silicone, gel-filled breast implants have been under scrutiny for years by the FDA, but after meticulous research and data gathering, the FDA found no link between silicone gel breast implants and connective tissue disease, breast cancer or any reproductive problems. For more information please see the FDA breast implant information provided on their site. Breast augmentation techniques are constantly being refined and new implants are being developed all the time, increasing the reliability and safety of the procedure. What are my options? There has never been a wider selection of options available for your breast augmentation surgery. The choices available to you will depend on several factors, including your body shape, medical history and aesthetic goals. Saline-filled breast implants are either pre-filled to the correct size with sterile salt water or filled during surgery to allow your surgeon to make minor modifications in their shape and size. Silicone-filled breast implants are filled with a soft, elastic gel and come in a wide variety of sizes and shapes. All silicone breast implants are pre-filled and to get the correct placement, your surgeon may need to make a longer incision than with a saline implant.  ‘Gummy bear’ implants are filled with a cohesive gel made of cross-linked silicone molecules, which makes them thicker and firmer than traditional silicone implants and allows them better retain their shape. Autologous fat transfer removes your fat through liposuction from an area of your body with extra fat cells, such as your abdomen, hips or thighs. After your surgeon has processed and refined these fat cells, they are carefully injected into your breast. This method is far less common than implants and there are ongoing clinical studies and research into their long-term safety and effectiveness. Depending on your anatomy, your plastic surgeon might combine any of these breast augmentation options with a breast lift, if there is any drooping or sagging of your breasts. The factors that will influence the size and type of breast augmentation you surgeon recommends include: your medical history, your existing body frame and mass, your goals for breast enhancement, your existing breast tissue and your personal preferences relating to size and incision placement. What will my breast augmentation incisions and scars be like? The incision to insert your implants can be made in one of four places:
  • Underneath the breast just above the crease(Inframammary)
  • Near the armpit where the arm meets the chest area(Transaxillary)
  • Around the lower edge of the areola(Periareolar)
  • In your navel(Transumbilical)


Is it right for me?



What results can I expect?

Under normal circumstances breast augmentation surgery will produce long-lasting and stable results. It is still important, however, to remember that some breast implants will need to be replaced if they leak and some may require re-alignment if they slip. It is important to maintain a routine of follow-up appointments with your plastic surgeon so that they can monitor how your body reacts to the surgery. If you are having autologous fat transfer surgery you should expect to lose some volume over time.Your breasts may also change over time due to events like weight gain, childbirth, aging, hormonal changes or just plain old gravity.

Pros

  • Breast augmentation is a long-term cosmetic solution for achieving your ideal figure.
  • Boosts the shape and or increase the size of breasts.

Cons

  • Breast implants require careful monitoring and they will eventually need to be replaced.
  • Normal surgical risks are the only considerations, although there may be further risks specific to your case that your aesthetic plastic surgeon will explain to you during your consultation.


Aftercare

Immediately after your breast augmentation procedure you will be placed in a surgical dressing that includes a support bra or garment. Breast augmentation surgery stretches the breast tissue and can be very painful, especially if the implants are placed underneath the pectoral chest muscle. The most pain is typically experienced within the first 48 hours after breast augmentation surgery and the level of pain you experience will normally decrease daily. It is normal for your breasts to feel sensitive and tight to the touch and your skin may feel itchy or warm and you may experience some difficulty or pain when raising your arms. It is normal for some swelling and discolouration to occur immediately after surgery, but this bruising will disappear quickly. Any residual swelling will typically resolve within a month. Recovery Time You should be able to walk without assistance immediately after breast augmentation surgery and it is very important that you reduce the risk of blood clots forming in your legs by using your legs every few hours. It is essential that you follow your physician’s patient care instructions during your recovery. This may include information about what compression garments you should wear, how to take care of your drains, which prescribed antibiotics you should take and advice on the safe level and type of activity you can perform. They will also give you detailed information about normal post-surgery symptoms how to look for signs of complications. The amount of time it takes for recovery varies greatly among individuals. The First Week During the first 5 days you will feel stiff and sore in your chest and upper body. Depending on the nuances of your procedure, you will be allowed to shower a few days after surgery and return to work within a few days, again depending on the nature of your surgery. You should refrain from pulling, pushing or lifting your breasts in any way that causes pain, including limiting the amount you twist your upper body twisting and avoid strenuous activity completely. Two to Six Weeks You should avoid any excessive physical activity for at least the first couple of weeks after surgery. After that be sure to take care and be extremely gentle with your breasts for at least the next month, while healing completes. Any intimate contact or sexual activity is a choice you must make yourself, but try to take it slowly so as to give your body time to tell you if something is wrong. Long-term  Your physician will ask you to schedule routine mammograms as is normal for your age group and you should continue to self-examine your breasts regularly.

Limits & Risks

Due to the popularity and age of the techniques, significant complications from breast augmentation are rare, although there may be risks specific risks for breast augmentation, which will be discussed during your consultation. The overall complication rate is low, when the operation is performed by an experienced plastic surgeon operating in an accredited facility. With breast augmentation, minor complications occur occasionally, but do not affect the outcome. Major breast augmentation complications are very unusual.

Related Procedures

Many women who consider breast augmentation also consider breast lift, breast revision and frequently have both with a tummy tuck as part of a mommy makeover.

Inverted Nipple Correction

  • AVG.COST:
  • RECOVERY TIME: 2 to 3 days
  • INVASIVENESS: 60
  • PERMANENCE: 90

About Inverted Nipples Correction

Inverted nipples usually look flat or cause a depression into the nipple area. Usually the condition is caused by shortened milk ducts and has been present since puberty or is a new condition caused by other factors. If you have recently developed inverted nipples you should see your doctor immediately. The specific breast surgery to repair inverted nipples releases the sunken nipple from the tissues that hold it in and allow a more pleasing and normal appearance of the nipple. Your doctor will administer a local anesthetic as well as a sedative to help you relax. An incision will be made just around the base of the nipple on the areola. The nipple and areola tissue is lifted from (but still connected to) the breast and stitched into a new projecting shape utilizing a “purse-string” style of suturing (stitches). Because of the circular shape of the scar around the nipple scar contracture will actually increase rather than decrease nipple projection. Medicated gauze is then applied to the site.

How is it performed?



Is it right for me?



What results can I expect?



Pros

Cons



Aftercare



Limits & Risks



Related Procedures




Doctors in Cook