Eczema is a chronic problem that affects millions of Americans. The condition is often a source of frustration and stress because the associated symptoms often make daily living very uncomfortable. Managing the disease is often a challenge because there is no specific treatment. However, there are ways that eczema can be effectively controlled, but people with the condition have to find out what is the best procedure for eczema.
What is Eczema?
Eczema refers to a number of chronic inflammatory skin conditions that cause the skin to become irritated, red, and itchy. There are various forms of eczema, with the most common type being atopic dermatitis.
Eczema tends to be more prevalent in children, but it affects many adults as well. Childhood eczema often goes away on its own before the adolescent years, but there are times when it persists into adulthood, and causes undue stress and emotional issues.
Eczema can affect any part of the body, but typically appears on the face. It can also be seen on the back of the arms, back of the knees, and on the hands and feet. The condition often comes and goes, but when it returns it often shows up on a different part of the body.
Scientists don’t fully understand the exact cause of eczema, but it is believed to be linked to genetic, immunologic and environmental factors. There are also a host of allergens and irritants that can trigger eczema. In addition, there are certain foods such as nuts, fish, and eggs that can prompt an inflammatory response. Other triggers include preservatives, colorings, soaps, clothing fabrics, perfume, detergents, disinfectant and shampoos.
Eczema is a sign that the epidermis or outer layer of the skin has broken down, and is not providing the protective shield that the skin needs. As a consequence of this, irritants and allergens are able to enter the skin and this typically results in the skin becoming dry and cracked.
Eczema is generally characterized by dry, itchy, patches of skin, along with rashes. In severe cases the skin may become sore and inflamed and develop crusts and scales. Blisters may also emerge, and these sometimes leak fluid. Scratching the skin is never advisable, because when the skin breaks it only makes the condition worse, often resulting in an infection.
Best Procedure for Eczema
While there is no cure for eczema, it is possible to manage the condition effectively in order to minimize the symptoms. The key to successful management of eczema lies in maintaining healthy skin.
There are currently a range of treatment options available for the treatment of eczema including ointments, steroids creams and pills. Treatment usually focuses on getting rid of the itching and preventing flare-ups and infections.
The best procedure for your eczema will depend on several factors including your age, and the severity of your symptoms.
The most effective treatment options include the following:
Itchy skin is usually treated with products derived from hydrocortisone steroids. These are available in the form of creams, ointments, and foams, and come in varying strengths. Antihistamines are also used to relieve itching.
Phototherapy involves the use of light to treat moderate to severe cases of eczema. A special machine that emits a low dose of UVB (Ultraviolet B) light is used to carry out the procedure. Phototherapy has an anti-inflammatory effect, and is also beneficial in reducing itchiness.
One of the most important ways to control eczema is to be consistent and diligent in caring for the skin, in order to avoid flare-ups. Here are several other things that can help:
- Keeping the skin hydrated. This is critical because eczema tends to thrive in a dry environment. Lotions and creams help to keep the skin moist.
- Avoid sweating or overheating. These can worsen the condition.
- Identifying and avoiding triggers.
Is your skin dry, sensitive and itchy? You could be suffering from eczema. Contact Skin Cancer Specialists, P. C. & Aesthetic Center, for a diagnosis, and learn more about the effective treatment options available for eczema.
We have several locations in the greater Atlanta metro area, so call today for a consultation, or book an appointment online.